International rules at sea - who implements? - who enforce them?


#1

Navigation light rules:

http://www.westmarine.com/WestAdvisor/Navigation-Light-Rules


Recreational boats operating at night are required to display navigation lights between sunset and sunrise.

Recent changes to the Inland Navigation Rules make them nearly identical to the International Rules

, so we will describe the International Rules to simplify the choices… ( finally national rulings are dead law by default and logics …)


international rules overruling national regulations in practice due to logics of the facts… you can not implement something “national” on the water anyhow…by default … so governments simply desist of “national rules” for practical reasons. (national law regulating saltwater areas is dead law by default due to practical reasons - the foreign flagged ship does not know it - so anybody acts along the “international convenience” as only applyable rule set by default )


Has the US been obligated by a superior regulatory entity ( for example the UNO) to adopt international rules in their territorial waters ? - no - it is just convenient - and practical. It is not about souvereignity and jurisdiction - it is about “practical come along” and avoid confusion.


At night at sea a lot of ships interact under all kind of nationality - jurisdictions and national ruleworks are unclear - and therefore - non existant by default …

National Law pretending to regulate the ocean is dead law by default



#2

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